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Led Effects - Fire ...
 
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Led Effects - Fire effect gets skipped and the SnowSparkle & Sparkle does not run


 Hans
(@hans)
Noble Member Admin
Joined: 8 years ago
Posts: 1758
Topic starter  

Per comment under the "Arduino – All LEDStrip effects in one (NeoPixel and FastLED)" by the user beginnerled;

Original post:

Hey Hans I know you posted this a while Ago. Your work and code is amazing and i’m just learning FastLED in your code i have it running automatically straight thru but somewhere something is wrong and i can’t figure it out so was wondering if you could help with a little bit of teaching behind it. So each function runs but fire gets skipped and the SnowSparkle & Sparkle does not run as it should it just sits and pauses. Also the running light function i was wondering on how to get that to run Runninglights Rainbow instead thanks for your help.

#include "FastLED.h"
#include <EEPROM.h>
#define NUM_LEDS 100 
CRGB leds[NUM_LEDS];
#define PIN 6 
#define BUTTON 2
byte selectedEffect=0;
void setup()
{
  FastLED.addLeds<WS2812B, PIN, GRB>(leds, NUM_LEDS).setCorrection( TypicalLEDStrip );
  pinMode(2,INPUT_PULLUP);  // internal pull-up resistor
  attachInterrupt (digitalPinToInterrupt (BUTTON), changeEffect, CHANGE); // pressed
}
//  REPLACE FROM HERE 
void loop() {
   
  selectedEffect++;
 
  if(selectedEffect>18) { 
    selectedEffect=0;
    delay(5000); // 1 second delay
  } 
  
  switch(selectedEffect) {
    
    case 0  : {
                // RGBLoop - no parameters
                RGBLoop();
                break;
              }
    case 1  : {
                // FadeInOut - Color (red, green. blue)
                FadeInOut(0xff, 0x00, 0x00); // red
                FadeInOut(0xff, 0xff, 0xff); // white 
                FadeInOut(0x00, 0x00, 0xff); // blue
                FadeInOut(0xff, 0xff, 0x00); // Yellow
                FadeInOut(0x40, 0xE0, 0xD0); // Turquoise
               
                break;
              }
              
    case 2  : {
                // Strobe - Color (red, green, blue), number of flashes, flash speed, end pause
                Strobe(0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 50, 50, 1000);
                break;
              }
    case 3  : {
                // HalloweenEyes - Color (red, green, blue), Size of eye, space between eyes, fade (true/false), steps, fade delay, end pause
                HalloweenEyes(0xff, 0x00, 0x00, 
                              1, 4, 
                              true, random(5,50), random(50,150), 
                              random(1000, 10000));
                HalloweenEyes(0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 
                              1, 5, 
                              true, random(5,50), random(50,150), 
                              random(1000, 10000));
                HalloweenEyes(0x00, 0x80, 0x00, 
                              1, 6, 
                              true, random(5,50), random(50,150), 
                              random(1000, 10000));
                HalloweenEyes(0xff, 0x8C, 0x00, 
                              1, 5, 
                              true, random(5,50), random(50,150), 
                              random(1000, 10000));
                break;
              }
              
    case 4  : {
                // CylonBounce - Color (red, green, blue), eye size, speed delay, end pause
                CylonBounce(0xff, 0x00, 0x00, 4, 10, 50);
                break;
              }
              
    case 5  : {
                // NewKITT - Color (red, green, blue), eye size, speed delay, end pause
                NewKITT(0xff, 0x00, 0x00, 8, 10, 50);
                break;
              }
              
    case 6  : {
                // Twinkle - Color (red, green, blue), count, speed delay, only one twinkle (true/false) 
                Twinkle(0xff, 0x00, 0x00, 50, 100, false);
                break;
              }
              
    case 7  : { 
                // TwinkleRandom - twinkle count, speed delay, only one (true/false)
                TwinkleRandom(100, 100, false);
                break;
              }
              
    case 8  : {
                // Sparkle - Color (red, green, blue), speed delay
                Sparkle(0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0);
                break;
              }
               
    case 9  : {
                // SnowSparkle - Color (red, green, blue), sparkle delay, speed delay
                SnowSparkle(0x10, 0x10, 0x10, 50, random(100,1000));
                break;
              }
              
    case 10 : {
                // Running Lights - Color (red, green, blue), wave dealy
                RunningLights(0xff,0x00,0x00, 50);  // red
                RunningLights(0xff,0xff,0xff, 50);  // white
                RunningLights(0x00,0x00,0xff, 50);  // blue
                break;
              }
              
    case 11 : {
                // colorWipe - Color (red, green, blue), speed delay
                colorWipe(0x00,0xff,0x00, 50);
                colorWipe(0x00,0x00,0x00, 50);
                colorWipe(0x99,0x32,0xCC, 50);
                colorWipe(0x00,0x00,0x00, 50);
                break;
              }
    case 12 : {
                // rainbowCycle - speed delay
                rainbowCycle(20);
                break;
              }
    case 13 : {
                // theatherChase - Color (red, green, blue), speed delay
                theaterChase(0xff,0,0,50);
                break;
              }
    case 14 : {
                // theaterChaseRainbow - Speed delay
                theaterChaseRainbow(50);
                break;
              }
    case 15 : {
                // Fire - Cooling rate, Sparking rate, speed delay
                Fire(55,120,15);
                break;
              }

              // simple bouncingBalls not included, since BouncingColoredBalls can perform this as well as shown below
              // BouncingColoredBalls - Number of balls, color (red, green, blue) array, continuous
              // CAUTION: If set to continuous then this effect will never stop!!! 
              
    case 16 : {
                // mimic BouncingBalls
                byte onecolor[1][3] = { {0xff, 0x00, 0x00} };
                BouncingColoredBalls(1, onecolor, false);
                break;
              }
    case 17 : {
                // multiple colored balls
                byte colors[3][3] = { {0xff, 0x00, 0x00}, 
                                      {0xff, 0xff, 0xff}, 
                                      {0x00, 0x00, 0xff} };
                BouncingColoredBalls(3, colors, false);
                break;
              }
    case 18 : {
                // meteorRain - Color (red, green, blue), meteor size, trail decay, random trail decay (true/false), speed delay 
                meteorRain(0xff,0xff,0xff,10, 64, true, 30);
                break;
              }
  }
}
void changeEffect() {
  if (digitalRead (BUTTON) == HIGH) {
    selectedEffect++;
    EEPROM.put(0, selectedEffect);
    asm volatile ("  jmp 0");
  }
}

// *************************
// ** LEDEffect Functions **
// *************************
void RGBLoop(){
  for(int j = 0; j < 3; j++ ) { 
    // Fade IN
    for(int k = 0; k < 256; k++) { 
      switch(j) { 
        case 0: setAll(k,0,0); break;
        case 1: setAll(0,k,0); break;
        case 2: setAll(0,0,k); break;
      }
      showStrip();
      delay(3);
    }
    // Fade OUT
    for(int k = 255; k >= 0; k--) { 
      switch(j) { 
        case 0: setAll(k,0,0); break;
        case 1: setAll(0,k,0); break;
        case 2: setAll(0,0,k); break;
      }
      showStrip();
      delay(3);
    }
  }
}
void FadeInOut(byte red, byte green, byte blue){
  float r, g, b;
      
  for(int k = 0; k < 256; k=k+1) { 
    r = (k/256.0)*red;
    g = (k/256.0)*green;
    b = (k/256.0)*blue;
    setAll(r,g,b);
    showStrip();
  }
     
  for(int k = 255; k >= 0; k=k-2) {
    r = (k/256.0)*red;
    g = (k/256.0)*green;
    b = (k/256.0)*blue;
    setAll(r,g,b);
    showStrip();
  }
}
void Strobe(byte red, byte green, byte blue, int StrobeCount, int FlashDelay, int EndPause){
  for(int j = 0; j < StrobeCount; j++) {
    setAll(red,green,blue);
    showStrip();
    delay(FlashDelay);
    setAll(0,0,0);
    showStrip();
    delay(FlashDelay);
  }
 
 delay(EndPause);
}
void HalloweenEyes(byte red, byte green, byte blue, 
                   int EyeWidth, int EyeSpace, 
                   boolean Fade, int Steps, int FadeDelay,
                   int EndPause){
  randomSeed(analogRead(0));
  
  int i;
  int StartPoint  = random( 0, NUM_LEDS - (2*EyeWidth) - EyeSpace );
  int Start2ndEye = StartPoint + EyeWidth + EyeSpace;
  
  for(i = 0; i < EyeWidth; i++) {
    setPixel(StartPoint + i, red, green, blue);
    setPixel(Start2ndEye + i, red, green, blue);
  }
  
  showStrip();
  
  if(Fade==true) {
    float r, g, b;
  
    for(int j = Steps; j >= 0; j--) {
      r = j*(red/Steps);
      g = j*(green/Steps);
      b = j*(blue/Steps);
      
      for(i = 0; i < EyeWidth; i++) {
        setPixel(StartPoint + i, r, g, b);
        setPixel(Start2ndEye + i, r, g, b);
      }
      
      showStrip();
      delay(FadeDelay);
    }
  }
  
  setAll(0,0,0); // Set all black
  
  delay(EndPause);
}
void CylonBounce(byte red, byte green, byte blue, int EyeSize, int SpeedDelay, int ReturnDelay){
  for(int i = 0; i < NUM_LEDS-EyeSize-2; i++) {
    setAll(0,0,0);
    setPixel(i, red/10, green/10, blue/10);
    for(int j = 1; j <= EyeSize; j++) {
      setPixel(i+j, red, green, blue); 
    }
    setPixel(i+EyeSize+1, red/10, green/10, blue/10);
    showStrip();
    delay(SpeedDelay);
  }
  delay(ReturnDelay);
  for(int i = NUM_LEDS-EyeSize-2; i > 0; i--) {
    setAll(0,0,0);
    setPixel(i, red/10, green/10, blue/10);
    for(int j = 1; j <= EyeSize; j++) {
      setPixel(i+j, red, green, blue); 
    }
    setPixel(i+EyeSize+1, red/10, green/10, blue/10);
    showStrip();
    delay(SpeedDelay);
  }
  
  delay(ReturnDelay);
}
void NewKITT(byte red, byte green, byte blue, int EyeSize, int SpeedDelay, int ReturnDelay){
  RightToLeft(red, green, blue, EyeSize, SpeedDelay, ReturnDelay);
  LeftToRight(red, green, blue, EyeSize, SpeedDelay, ReturnDelay);
  OutsideToCenter(red, green, blue, EyeSize, SpeedDelay, ReturnDelay);
  CenterToOutside(red, green, blue, EyeSize, SpeedDelay, ReturnDelay);
  LeftToRight(red, green, blue, EyeSize, SpeedDelay, ReturnDelay);
  RightToLeft(red, green, blue, EyeSize, SpeedDelay, ReturnDelay);
  OutsideToCenter(red, green, blue, EyeSize, SpeedDelay, ReturnDelay);
  CenterToOutside(red, green, blue, EyeSize, SpeedDelay, ReturnDelay);
}
// used by NewKITT
void CenterToOutside(byte red, byte green, byte blue, int EyeSize, int SpeedDelay, int ReturnDelay) {
  for(int i =((NUM_LEDS-EyeSize)/2); i>=0; i--) {
    setAll(0,0,0);
    
    setPixel(i, red/10, green/10, blue/10);
    for(int j = 1; j <= EyeSize; j++) {
      setPixel(i+j, red, green, blue); 
    }
    setPixel(i+EyeSize+1, red/10, green/10, blue/10);
    
    setPixel(NUM_LEDS-i, red/10, green/10, blue/10);
    for(int j = 1; j <= EyeSize; j++) {
      setPixel(NUM_LEDS-i-j, red, green, blue); 
    }
    setPixel(NUM_LEDS-i-EyeSize-1, red/10, green/10, blue/10);
    
    showStrip();
    delay(SpeedDelay);
  }
  delay(ReturnDelay);
}
// used by NewKITT
void OutsideToCenter(byte red, byte green, byte blue, int EyeSize, int SpeedDelay, int ReturnDelay) {
  for(int i = 0; i<=((NUM_LEDS-EyeSize)/2); i++) {
    setAll(0,0,0);
    
    setPixel(i, red/10, green/10, blue/10);
    for(int j = 1; j <= EyeSize; j++) {
      setPixel(i+j, red, green, blue); 
    }
    setPixel(i+EyeSize+1, red/10, green/10, blue/10);
    
    setPixel(NUM_LEDS-i, red/10, green/10, blue/10);
    for(int j = 1; j <= EyeSize; j++) {
      setPixel(NUM_LEDS-i-j, red, green, blue); 
    }
    setPixel(NUM_LEDS-i-EyeSize-1, red/10, green/10, blue/10);
    
    showStrip();
    delay(SpeedDelay);
  }
  delay(ReturnDelay);
}
// used by NewKITT
void LeftToRight(byte red, byte green, byte blue, int EyeSize, int SpeedDelay, int ReturnDelay) {
  for(int i = 0; i < NUM_LEDS-EyeSize-2; i++) {
    setAll(0,0,0);
    setPixel(i, red/10, green/10, blue/10);
    for(int j = 1; j <= EyeSize; j++) {
      setPixel(i+j, red, green, blue); 
    }
    setPixel(i+EyeSize+1, red/10, green/10, blue/10);
    showStrip();
    delay(SpeedDelay);
  }
  delay(ReturnDelay);
}
// used by NewKITT
void RightToLeft(byte red, byte green, byte blue, int EyeSize, int SpeedDelay, int ReturnDelay) {
  for(int i = NUM_LEDS-EyeSize-2; i > 0; i--) {
    setAll(0,0,0);
    setPixel(i, red/10, green/10, blue/10);
    for(int j = 1; j <= EyeSize; j++) {
      setPixel(i+j, red, green, blue); 
    }
    setPixel(i+EyeSize+1, red/10, green/10, blue/10);
    showStrip();
    delay(SpeedDelay);
  }
  delay(ReturnDelay);
}
void Twinkle(byte red, byte green, byte blue, int Count, int SpeedDelay, boolean OnlyOne) {
  setAll(0,0,0);
  
  for (int i=0; i<Count; i++) {
     setPixel(random(NUM_LEDS),red,green,blue);
     showStrip();
     delay(SpeedDelay);
     if(OnlyOne) { 
       setAll(0,0,0); 
     }
   }
  
  delay(SpeedDelay);
}
void TwinkleRandom(int Count, int SpeedDelay, boolean OnlyOne) {
  setAll(0,0,0);
  
  for (int i=0; i<Count; i++) {
     setPixel(random(NUM_LEDS),random(0,255),random(0,255),random(0,255));
     showStrip();
     delay(SpeedDelay);
     if(OnlyOne) { 
       setAll(0,0,0); 
     }
   }
  
  delay(SpeedDelay);
}
void Sparkle(byte red, byte green, byte blue, int SpeedDelay) {
  int Pixel = random(NUM_LEDS);
  setPixel(Pixel,red,green,blue);
  showStrip();
  delay(SpeedDelay);
  setPixel(Pixel,0,0,0);
}
void SnowSparkle(byte red, byte green, byte blue, int SparkleDelay, int SpeedDelay) {
  setAll(red,green,blue);
  
  int Pixel = random(NUM_LEDS);
  setPixel(Pixel,0xff,0xff,0xff);
  showStrip();
  delay(SparkleDelay);
  setPixel(Pixel,red,green,blue);
  showStrip();
  delay(SpeedDelay);
}
void RunningLights(byte red, byte green, byte blue, int WaveDelay) {
  int Position=0;
  
  for(int i=0; i<NUM_LEDS*2; i++)
  {
      Position++; // = 0; //Position + Rate;
      for(int i=0; i<NUM_LEDS; i++) {
        // sine wave, 3 offset waves make a rainbow!
        //float level = sin(i+Position) * 127 + 128;
        //setPixel(i,level,0,0);
        //float level = sin(i+Position) * 127 + 128;
        setPixel(i,((sin(i+Position) * 127 + 128)/255)*red,
                   ((sin(i+Position) * 127 + 128)/255)*green,
                   ((sin(i+Position) * 127 + 128)/255)*blue);
      }
      
      showStrip();
      delay(WaveDelay);
  }
}
void colorWipe(byte red, byte green, byte blue, int SpeedDelay) {
  for(uint16_t i=0; i<NUM_LEDS; i++) {
      setPixel(i, red, green, blue);
      showStrip();
      delay(SpeedDelay);
  }
}
void rainbowCycle(int SpeedDelay) {
  byte *c;
  uint16_t i, j;
  for(j=0; j<256*5; j++) { // 5 cycles of all colors on wheel
    for(i=0; i< NUM_LEDS; i++) {
      c=Wheel(((i * 256 / NUM_LEDS) + j) & 255);
      setPixel(i, *c, *(c+1), *(c+2));
    }
    showStrip();
    delay(SpeedDelay);
  }
}
// used by rainbowCycle and theaterChaseRainbow
byte * Wheel(byte WheelPos) {
  static byte c[3];
  
  if(WheelPos < 85) {
   c[0]=WheelPos * 3;
   c[1]=255 - WheelPos * 3;
   c[2]=0;
  } else if(WheelPos < 170) {
   WheelPos -= 85;
   c[0]=255 - WheelPos * 3;
   c[1]=0;
   c[2]=WheelPos * 3;
  } else {
   WheelPos -= 170;
   c[0]=0;
   c[1]=WheelPos * 3;
   c[2]=255 - WheelPos * 3;
  }
  return c;
}
void theaterChase(byte red, byte green, byte blue, int SpeedDelay) {
  for (int j=0; j<10; j++) {  //do 10 cycles of chasing
    for (int q=0; q < 3; q++) {
      for (int i=0; i < NUM_LEDS; i=i+3) {
        setPixel(i+q, red, green, blue);    //turn every third pixel on
      }
      showStrip();
     
      delay(SpeedDelay);
     
      for (int i=0; i < NUM_LEDS; i=i+3) {
        setPixel(i+q, 0,0,0);        //turn every third pixel off
      }
    }
  }
}
void theaterChaseRainbow(int SpeedDelay) {
  byte *c;
  
  for (int j=0; j < 256; j++) {     // cycle all 256 colors in the wheel
    for (int q=0; q < 3; q++) {
        for (int i=0; i < NUM_LEDS; i=i+3) {
          c = Wheel( (i+j) % 255);
          setPixel(i+q, *c, *(c+1), *(c+2));    //turn every third pixel on
        }
        showStrip();
       
        delay(SpeedDelay);
       
        for (int i=0; i < NUM_LEDS; i=i+3) {
          setPixel(i+q, 0,0,0);        //turn every third pixel off
        }
    }
  }
}
void Fire(int Cooling, int Sparking, int SpeedDelay) {
  static byte heat[NUM_LEDS];
  int cooldown;
  
  // Step 1.  Cool down every cell a little
  for( int i = 0; i < NUM_LEDS; i++) {
    cooldown = random(0, ((Cooling * 10) / NUM_LEDS) + 2);
    
    if(cooldown>heat[i]) {
      heat[i]=0;
    } else {
      heat[i]=heat[i]-cooldown;
    }
  }
  
  // Step 2.  Heat from each cell drifts 'up' and diffuses a little
  for( int k= NUM_LEDS - 1; k >= 2; k--) {
    heat[k] = (heat[k - 1] + heat[k - 2] + heat[k - 2]) / 3;
  }
    
  // Step 3.  Randomly ignite new 'sparks' near the bottom
  if( random(255) < Sparking ) {
    int y = random(7);
    heat[y] = heat[y] + random(160,255);
    //heat[y] = random(160,255);
  }
  // Step 4.  Convert heat to LED colors
  for( int j = 0; j < NUM_LEDS; j++) {
    setPixelHeatColor(j, heat[j] );
  }
  showStrip();
  delay(SpeedDelay);
}
void setPixelHeatColor (int Pixel, byte temperature) {
  // Scale 'heat' down from 0-255 to 0-191
  byte t192 = round((temperature/255.0)*191);
 
  // calculate ramp up from
  byte heatramp = t192 & 0x3F; // 0..63
  heatramp <<= 2; // scale up to 0..252
 
  // figure out which third of the spectrum we're in:
  if( t192 > 0x80) {                     // hottest
    setPixel(Pixel, 255, 255, heatramp);
  } else if( t192 > 0x40 ) {             // middle
    setPixel(Pixel, 255, heatramp, 0);
  } else {                               // coolest
    setPixel(Pixel, heatramp, 0, 0);
  }
}
void BouncingColoredBalls(int BallCount, byte colors[][3], boolean continuous) {
  float Gravity = -9.81;
  int StartHeight = 1;
  
  float Height[BallCount];
  float ImpactVelocityStart = sqrt( -2 * Gravity * StartHeight );
  float ImpactVelocity[BallCount];
  float TimeSinceLastBounce[BallCount];
  int   Position[BallCount];
  long  ClockTimeSinceLastBounce[BallCount];
  float Dampening[BallCount];
  boolean ballBouncing[BallCount];
  boolean ballsStillBouncing = true;
  
  for (int i = 0 ; i < BallCount ; i++) {   
    ClockTimeSinceLastBounce[i] = millis();
    Height[i] = StartHeight;
    Position[i] = 0; 
    ImpactVelocity[i] = ImpactVelocityStart;
    TimeSinceLastBounce[i] = 0;
    Dampening[i] = 0.90 - float(i)/pow(BallCount,2);
    ballBouncing[i]=true; 
  }
  while (ballsStillBouncing) {
    for (int i = 0 ; i < BallCount ; i++) {
      TimeSinceLastBounce[i] =  millis() - ClockTimeSinceLastBounce[i];
      Height[i] = 0.5 * Gravity * pow( TimeSinceLastBounce[i]/1000 , 2.0 ) + ImpactVelocity[i] * TimeSinceLastBounce[i]/1000;
  
      if ( Height[i] < 0 ) {                      
        Height[i] = 0;
        ImpactVelocity[i] = Dampening[i] * ImpactVelocity[i];
        ClockTimeSinceLastBounce[i] = millis();
  
        if ( ImpactVelocity[i] < 0.01 ) {
          if (continuous) {
            ImpactVelocity[i] = ImpactVelocityStart;
          } else {
            ballBouncing[i]=false;
          }
        }
      }
      Position[i] = round( Height[i] * (NUM_LEDS - 1) / StartHeight);
    }
    ballsStillBouncing = false; // assume no balls bouncing
    for (int i = 0 ; i < BallCount ; i++) {
      setPixel(Position[i],colors[i][0],colors[i][1],colors[i][2]);
      if ( ballBouncing[i] ) {
        ballsStillBouncing = true;
      }
    }
    
    showStrip();
    setAll(0,0,0);
  }
}
void meteorRain(byte red, byte green, byte blue, byte meteorSize, byte meteorTrailDecay, boolean meteorRandomDecay, int SpeedDelay) {  
  setAll(0,0,0);
  
  for(int i = 0; i < NUM_LEDS+NUM_LEDS; i++) {
    
    
    // fade brightness all LEDs one step
    for(int j=0; j<NUM_LEDS; j++) {
      if( (!meteorRandomDecay) || (random(10)>5) ) {
        fadeToBlack(j, meteorTrailDecay );        
      }
    }
    
    // draw meteor
    for(int j = 0; j < meteorSize; j++) {
      if( ( i-j <NUM_LEDS) && (i-j>=0) ) {
        setPixel(i-j, red, green, blue);
      } 
    }
   
    showStrip();
    delay(SpeedDelay);
  }
}
// used by meteorrain
void fadeToBlack(int ledNo, byte fadeValue) {
 #ifdef ADAFRUIT_NEOPIXEL_H 
    // NeoPixel
    uint32_t oldColor;
    uint8_t r, g, b;
    int value;
    
    oldColor = strip.getPixelColor(ledNo);
    r = (oldColor & 0x00ff0000UL) >> 16;
    g = (oldColor & 0x0000ff00UL) >> 8;
    b = (oldColor & 0x000000ffUL);
    r=(r<=10)? 0 : (int) r-(r*fadeValue/256);
    g=(g<=10)? 0 : (int) g-(g*fadeValue/256);
    b=(b<=10)? 0 : (int) b-(b*fadeValue/256);
    
    strip.setPixelColor(ledNo, r,g,b);
 #endif
 #ifndef ADAFRUIT_NEOPIXEL_H
   // FastLED
   leds[ledNo].fadeToBlackBy( fadeValue );
 #endif  
}
//  REPLACE TO HERE 


// ***************************************
// ** FastLed/NeoPixel Common Functions **
// ***************************************
// Apply LED color changes
void showStrip() {
 #ifdef ADAFRUIT_NEOPIXEL_H 
   // NeoPixel
   strip.show();
 #endif
 #ifndef ADAFRUIT_NEOPIXEL_H
   // FastLED
   FastLED.show();
 #endif
}
// Set a LED color (not yet visible)
void setPixel(int Pixel, byte red, byte green, byte blue) {
 #ifdef ADAFRUIT_NEOPIXEL_H 
   // NeoPixel
   strip.setPixelColor(Pixel, strip.Color(red, green, blue));
 #endif
 #ifndef ADAFRUIT_NEOPIXEL_H 
   // FastLED
   leds[Pixel].r = red;
   leds[Pixel].g = green;
   leds[Pixel].b = blue;
 #endif
}
// Set all LEDs to a given color and apply it (visible)
void setAll(byte red, byte green, byte blue) {
  for(int i = 0; i < NUM_LEDS; i++ ) {
    setPixel(i, red, green, blue); 
  }
  showStrip();
}

ReplyQuote
 Hans
(@hans)
Noble Member Admin
Joined: 8 years ago
Posts: 1758
Topic starter  

Hi BeginnerLed,

At first glance I cannot see anything wrong with the sketch

May I ask what Arduino model you're using and what you're seeing when you get to one of the effects?

A potentially reason this may be happening is the so called "bounce" of the switch you're using.
Some switches, due to their mechanical nature, sometimes make the Arduino register a push of the button, as more than one push.

There are several ways to fix this, but this one, found on the official Arduino website, seems the easiest to implement.

In short, you could start with this minor code change:

Add to the beginning of the code (before “void setup()”):

unsigned long lastDebounceTime = 0;  // the last time the output pin was toggled
unsigned long debounceDelay = 50; // the debounce time; increase if the output flickers

 

And change the changeEffect function to this:

void changeEffect() {
  if ((millis() - lastDebounceTime) > debounceDelay) 
  {

    if (digitalRead (BUTTON) == HIGH) {
      selectedEffect++;
      EEPROM.put(0, selectedEffect);
      asm volatile (" jmp 0");
    }
  }
}

The value for lastDebounceTime does not need to be reset, since we reset the Arduino and lastDebounceTime will become zero again.

Note: I have not tested this code.

If this is still not working quite right, then you can change the wiring for the switch as shown in the Debounce article (add a 10 KiloOhm resistor).


ReplyQuote
 Hans
(@hans)
Noble Member Admin
Joined: 8 years ago
Posts: 1758
Topic starter  

I've made the modification to the code, so all this together should look like this:

You can download it here as well:

 

#include "FastLED.h"
#include <EEPROM.h>
#define NUM_LEDS 100
CRGB leds[NUM_LEDS];
#define PIN 6

#define BUTTON 2
byte selectedEffect=0;

// Debounce part 1
unsigned long lastDebounceTime = 0;  // the last time the output pin was toggled
unsigned long debounceDelay = 50;    // the debounce time; increase if the output flickers

void setup()
{
  FastLED.addLeds<WS2811, PIN, GRB>(leds, NUM_LEDS).setCorrection( TypicalLEDStrip );
  pinMode(2,INPUT_PULLUP); // internal pull-up resistor
  attachInterrupt (digitalPinToInterrupt (BUTTON), changeEffect, CHANGE); // pressed
}

// REPLACE FROM HERE
void loop() {
  EEPROM.get(0,selectedEffect);
 
  if(selectedEffect>18) {
    selectedEffect=0;
    EEPROM.put(0,0);
  }
 
  switch(selectedEffect) {
   
    case 0  : {
                // RGBLoop - no parameters
                RGBLoop();
                break;
              }

    case 1  : {
                // FadeInOut - Color (red, green. blue)
                FadeInOut(0xff, 0x00, 0x00); // red
                FadeInOut(0xff, 0xff, 0xff); // white
                FadeInOut(0x00, 0x00, 0xff); // blue
                break;
              }
             
    case 2  : {
                // Strobe - Color (red, green, blue), number of flashes, flash speed, end pause
                Strobe(0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 10, 50, 1000);
                break;
              }

    case 3  : {
                // HalloweenEyes - Color (red, green, blue), Size of eye, space between eyes, fade (true/false), steps, fade delay, end pause
                HalloweenEyes(0xff, 0x00, 0x00,
                              1, 4,
                              true, random(5,50), random(50,150),
                              random(1000, 10000));
                HalloweenEyes(0xff, 0x00, 0x00,
                              1, 4,
                              true, random(5,50), random(50,150),
                              random(1000, 10000));
                break;
              }
             
    case 4  : {
                // CylonBounce - Color (red, green, blue), eye size, speed delay, end pause
                CylonBounce(0xff, 0x00, 0x00, 4, 10, 50);
                break;
              }
             
    case 5  : {
                // NewKITT - Color (red, green, blue), eye size, speed delay, end pause
                NewKITT(0xff, 0x00, 0x00, 8, 10, 50);
                break;
              }
             
    case 6  : {
                // Twinkle - Color (red, green, blue), count, speed delay, only one twinkle (true/false)
                Twinkle(0xff, 0x00, 0x00, 10, 100, false);
                break;
              }
             
    case 7  : {
                // TwinkleRandom - twinkle count, speed delay, only one (true/false)
                TwinkleRandom(20, 100, false);
                break;
              }
             
    case 8  : {
                // Sparkle - Color (red, green, blue), speed delay
                Sparkle(0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0);
                break;
              }
               
    case 9  : {
                // SnowSparkle - Color (red, green, blue), sparkle delay, speed delay
                SnowSparkle(0x10, 0x10, 0x10, 20, random(100,1000));
                break;
              }
             
    case 10 : {
                // Running Lights - Color (red, green, blue), wave dealy
                RunningLights(0xff,0x00,0x00, 50);  // red
                RunningLights(0xff,0xff,0xff, 50);  // white
                RunningLights(0x00,0x00,0xff, 50);  // blue
                break;
              }
             
    case 11 : {
                // colorWipe - Color (red, green, blue), speed delay
                colorWipe(0x00,0xff,0x00, 50);
                colorWipe(0x00,0x00,0x00, 50);
                break;
              }

    case 12 : {
                // rainbowCycle - speed delay
                rainbowCycle(20);
                break;
              }

    case 13 : {
                // theatherChase - Color (red, green, blue), speed delay
                theaterChase(0xff,0,0,50);
                break;
              }

    case 14 : {
                // theaterChaseRainbow - Speed delay
                theaterChaseRainbow(50);
                break;
              }

    case 15 : {
                // Fire - Cooling rate, Sparking rate, speed delay
                Fire(55,120,15);
                break;
              }


              // simple bouncingBalls not included, since BouncingColoredBalls can perform this as well as shown below
              // BouncingColoredBalls - Number of balls, color (red, green, blue) array, continuous
              // CAUTION: If set to continuous then this effect will never stop!!!
             
    case 16 : {
                // mimic BouncingBalls
                byte onecolor[1][3] = { {0xff, 0x00, 0x00} };
                BouncingColoredBalls(1, onecolor, false);
                break;
              }

    case 17 : {
                // multiple colored balls
                byte colors[3][3] = { {0xff, 0x00, 0x00},
                                      {0xff, 0xff, 0xff},
                                      {0x00, 0x00, 0xff} };
                BouncingColoredBalls(3, colors, false);
                break;
              }

    case 18 : {
                // meteorRain - Color (red, green, blue), meteor size, trail decay, random trail decay (true/false), speed delay
                meteorRain(0xff,0xff,0xff,10, 64, true, 30);
                break;
              }
  }
}

void changeEffect() {
  if ((millis() - lastDebounceTime) > debounceDelay) 
  {
    if (digitalRead (BUTTON) == HIGH) {
      selectedEffect++;
      EEPROM.put(0, selectedEffect);
      asm volatile ("  jmp 0");
    }
  }
}

// *************************
// ** LEDEffect Functions **
// *************************

void RGBLoop(){
  for(int j = 0; j < 3; j++ ) {
    // Fade IN
    for(int k = 0; k < 256; k++) {
      switch(j) {
        case 0: setAll(k,0,0); break;
        case 1: setAll(0,k,0); break;
        case 2: setAll(0,0,k); break;
      }
      showStrip();
      delay(3);
    }
    // Fade OUT
    for(int k = 255; k >= 0; k--) {
      switch(j) {
        case 0: setAll(k,0,0); break;
        case 1: setAll(0,k,0); break;
        case 2: setAll(0,0,k); break;
      }
      showStrip();
      delay(3);
    }
  }
}

void FadeInOut(byte red, byte green, byte blue){
  float r, g, b;
     
  for(int k = 0; k < 256; k=k+1) {
    r = (k/256.0)*red;
    g = (k/256.0)*green;
    b = (k/256.0)*blue;
    setAll(r,g,b);
    showStrip();
  }
     
  for(int k = 255; k >= 0; k=k-2) {
    r = (k/256.0)*red;
    g = (k/256.0)*green;
    b = (k/256.0)*blue;
    setAll(r,g,b);
    showStrip();
  }
}

void Strobe(byte red, byte green, byte blue, int StrobeCount, int FlashDelay, int EndPause){
  for(int j = 0; j < StrobeCount; j++) {
    setAll(red,green,blue);
    showStrip();
    delay(FlashDelay);
    setAll(0,0,0);
    showStrip();
    delay(FlashDelay);
  }
 
 delay(EndPause);
}

void HalloweenEyes(byte red, byte green, byte blue,
                   int EyeWidth, int EyeSpace,
                   boolean Fade, int Steps, int FadeDelay,
                   int EndPause){
  randomSeed(analogRead(0));
 
  int i;
  int StartPoint  = random( 0, NUM_LEDS - (2*EyeWidth) - EyeSpace );
  int Start2ndEye = StartPoint + EyeWidth + EyeSpace;
 
  for(i = 0; i < EyeWidth; i++) {
    setPixel(StartPoint + i, red, green, blue);
    setPixel(Start2ndEye + i, red, green, blue);
  }
 
  showStrip();
 
  if(Fade==true) {
    float r, g, b;
 
    for(int j = Steps; j >= 0; j--) {
      r = j*(red/Steps);
      g = j*(green/Steps);
      b = j*(blue/Steps);
     
      for(i = 0; i < EyeWidth; i++) {
        setPixel(StartPoint + i, r, g, b);
        setPixel(Start2ndEye + i, r, g, b);
      }
     
      showStrip();
      delay(FadeDelay);
    }
  }
 
  setAll(0,0,0); // Set all black
 
  delay(EndPause);
}

void CylonBounce(byte red, byte green, byte blue, int EyeSize, int SpeedDelay, int ReturnDelay){

  for(int i = 0; i < NUM_LEDS-EyeSize-2; i++) {
    setAll(0,0,0);
    setPixel(i, red/10, green/10, blue/10);
    for(int j = 1; j <= EyeSize; j++) {
      setPixel(i+j, red, green, blue);
    }
    setPixel(i+EyeSize+1, red/10, green/10, blue/10);
    showStrip();
    delay(SpeedDelay);
  }

  delay(ReturnDelay);

  for(int i = NUM_LEDS-EyeSize-2; i > 0; i--) {
    setAll(0,0,0);
    setPixel(i, red/10, green/10, blue/10);
    for(int j = 1; j <= EyeSize; j++) {
      setPixel(i+j, red, green, blue);
    }
    setPixel(i+EyeSize+1, red/10, green/10, blue/10);
    showStrip();
    delay(SpeedDelay);
  }
 
  delay(ReturnDelay);
}

void NewKITT(byte red, byte green, byte blue, int EyeSize, int SpeedDelay, int ReturnDelay){
  RightToLeft(red, green, blue, EyeSize, SpeedDelay, ReturnDelay);
  LeftToRight(red, green, blue, EyeSize, SpeedDelay, ReturnDelay);
  OutsideToCenter(red, green, blue, EyeSize, SpeedDelay, ReturnDelay);
  CenterToOutside(red, green, blue, EyeSize, SpeedDelay, ReturnDelay);
  LeftToRight(red, green, blue, EyeSize, SpeedDelay, ReturnDelay);
  RightToLeft(red, green, blue, EyeSize, SpeedDelay, ReturnDelay);
  OutsideToCenter(red, green, blue, EyeSize, SpeedDelay, ReturnDelay);
  CenterToOutside(red, green, blue, EyeSize, SpeedDelay, ReturnDelay);
}

// used by NewKITT
void CenterToOutside(byte red, byte green, byte blue, int EyeSize, int SpeedDelay, int ReturnDelay) {
  for(int i =((NUM_LEDS-EyeSize)/2); i>=0; i--) {
    setAll(0,0,0);
   
    setPixel(i, red/10, green/10, blue/10);
    for(int j = 1; j <= EyeSize; j++) {
      setPixel(i+j, red, green, blue);
    }
    setPixel(i+EyeSize+1, red/10, green/10, blue/10);
   
    setPixel(NUM_LEDS-i, red/10, green/10, blue/10);
    for(int j = 1; j <= EyeSize; j++) {
      setPixel(NUM_LEDS-i-j, red, green, blue);
    }
    setPixel(NUM_LEDS-i-EyeSize-1, red/10, green/10, blue/10);
   
    showStrip();
    delay(SpeedDelay);
  }
  delay(ReturnDelay);
}

// used by NewKITT
void OutsideToCenter(byte red, byte green, byte blue, int EyeSize, int SpeedDelay, int ReturnDelay) {
  for(int i = 0; i<=((NUM_LEDS-EyeSize)/2); i++) {
    setAll(0,0,0);
   
    setPixel(i, red/10, green/10, blue/10);
    for(int j = 1; j <= EyeSize; j++) {
      setPixel(i+j, red, green, blue);
    }
    setPixel(i+EyeSize+1, red/10, green/10, blue/10);
   
    setPixel(NUM_LEDS-i, red/10, green/10, blue/10);
    for(int j = 1; j <= EyeSize; j++) {
      setPixel(NUM_LEDS-i-j, red, green, blue);
    }
    setPixel(NUM_LEDS-i-EyeSize-1, red/10, green/10, blue/10);
   
    showStrip();
    delay(SpeedDelay);
  }
  delay(ReturnDelay);
}

// used by NewKITT
void LeftToRight(byte red, byte green, byte blue, int EyeSize, int SpeedDelay, int ReturnDelay) {
  for(int i = 0; i < NUM_LEDS-EyeSize-2; i++) {
    setAll(0,0,0);
    setPixel(i, red/10, green/10, blue/10);
    for(int j = 1; j <= EyeSize; j++) {
      setPixel(i+j, red, green, blue);
    }
    setPixel(i+EyeSize+1, red/10, green/10, blue/10);
    showStrip();
    delay(SpeedDelay);
  }
  delay(ReturnDelay);
}

// used by NewKITT
void RightToLeft(byte red, byte green, byte blue, int EyeSize, int SpeedDelay, int ReturnDelay) {
  for(int i = NUM_LEDS-EyeSize-2; i > 0; i--) {
    setAll(0,0,0);
    setPixel(i, red/10, green/10, blue/10);
    for(int j = 1; j <= EyeSize; j++) {
      setPixel(i+j, red, green, blue);
    }
    setPixel(i+EyeSize+1, red/10, green/10, blue/10);
    showStrip();
    delay(SpeedDelay);
  }
  delay(ReturnDelay);
}

void Twinkle(byte red, byte green, byte blue, int Count, int SpeedDelay, boolean OnlyOne) {
  setAll(0,0,0);
 
  for (int i=0; i<Count; i++) {
     setPixel(random(NUM_LEDS),red,green,blue);
     showStrip();
     delay(SpeedDelay);
     if(OnlyOne) {
       setAll(0,0,0);
     }
   }
 
  delay(SpeedDelay);
}

void TwinkleRandom(int Count, int SpeedDelay, boolean OnlyOne) {
  setAll(0,0,0);
 
  for (int i=0; i<Count; i++) {
     setPixel(random(NUM_LEDS),random(0,255),random(0,255),random(0,255));
     showStrip();
     delay(SpeedDelay);
     if(OnlyOne) {
       setAll(0,0,0);
     }
   }
 
  delay(SpeedDelay);
}

void Sparkle(byte red, byte green, byte blue, int SpeedDelay) {
  int Pixel = random(NUM_LEDS);
  setPixel(Pixel,red,green,blue);
  showStrip();
  delay(SpeedDelay);
  setPixel(Pixel,0,0,0);
}

void SnowSparkle(byte red, byte green, byte blue, int SparkleDelay, int SpeedDelay) {
  setAll(red,green,blue);
 
  int Pixel = random(NUM_LEDS);
  setPixel(Pixel,0xff,0xff,0xff);
  showStrip();
  delay(SparkleDelay);
  setPixel(Pixel,red,green,blue);
  showStrip();
  delay(SpeedDelay);
}

void RunningLights(byte red, byte green, byte blue, int WaveDelay) {
  int Position=0;
 
  for(int i=0; i<NUM_LEDS*2; i++)
  {
      Position++; // = 0; //Position + Rate;
      for(int i=0; i<NUM_LEDS; i++) {
        // sine wave, 3 offset waves make a rainbow!
        //float level = sin(i+Position) * 127 + 128;
        //setPixel(i,level,0,0);
        //float level = sin(i+Position) * 127 + 128;
        setPixel(i,((sin(i+Position) * 127 + 128)/255)*red,
                   ((sin(i+Position) * 127 + 128)/255)*green,
                   ((sin(i+Position) * 127 + 128)/255)*blue);
      }
     
      showStrip();
      delay(WaveDelay);
  }
}

void colorWipe(byte red, byte green, byte blue, int SpeedDelay) {
  for(uint16_t i=0; i<NUM_LEDS; i++) {
      setPixel(i, red, green, blue);
      showStrip();
      delay(SpeedDelay);
  }
}

void rainbowCycle(int SpeedDelay) {
  byte *c;
  uint16_t i, j;

  for(j=0; j<256*5; j++) { // 5 cycles of all colors on wheel
    for(i=0; i< NUM_LEDS; i++) {
      c=Wheel(((i * 256 / NUM_LEDS) + j) & 255);
      setPixel(i, *c, *(c+1), *(c+2));
    }
    showStrip();
    delay(SpeedDelay);
  }
}

// used by rainbowCycle and theaterChaseRainbow
byte * Wheel(byte WheelPos) {
  static byte c[3];
 
  if(WheelPos < 85) {
   c[0]=WheelPos * 3;
   c[1]=255 - WheelPos * 3;
   c[2]=0;
  } else if(WheelPos < 170) {
   WheelPos -= 85;
   c[0]=255 - WheelPos * 3;
   c[1]=0;
   c[2]=WheelPos * 3;
  } else {
   WheelPos -= 170;
   c[0]=0;
   c[1]=WheelPos * 3;
   c[2]=255 - WheelPos * 3;
  }

  return c;
}

void theaterChase(byte red, byte green, byte blue, int SpeedDelay) {
  for (int j=0; j<10; j++) {  //do 10 cycles of chasing
    for (int q=0; q < 3; q++) {
      for (int i=0; i < NUM_LEDS; i=i+3) {
        setPixel(i+q, red, green, blue);    //turn every third pixel on
      }
      showStrip();
     
      delay(SpeedDelay);
     
      for (int i=0; i < NUM_LEDS; i=i+3) {
        setPixel(i+q, 0,0,0);        //turn every third pixel off
      }
    }
  }
}

void theaterChaseRainbow(int SpeedDelay) {
  byte *c;
 
  for (int j=0; j < 256; j++) {     // cycle all 256 colors in the wheel
    for (int q=0; q < 3; q++) {
        for (int i=0; i < NUM_LEDS; i=i+3) {
          c = Wheel( (i+j) % 255);
          setPixel(i+q, *c, *(c+1), *(c+2));    //turn every third pixel on
        }
        showStrip();
       
        delay(SpeedDelay);
       
        for (int i=0; i < NUM_LEDS; i=i+3) {
          setPixel(i+q, 0,0,0);        //turn every third pixel off
        }
    }
  }
}

void Fire(int Cooling, int Sparking, int SpeedDelay) {
  static byte heat[NUM_LEDS];
  int cooldown;
 
  // Step 1.  Cool down every cell a little
  for( int i = 0; i < NUM_LEDS; i++) {
    cooldown = random(0, ((Cooling * 10) / NUM_LEDS) + 2);
   
    if(cooldown>heat[i]) {
      heat[i]=0;
    } else {
      heat[i]=heat[i]-cooldown;
    }
  }
 
  // Step 2.  Heat from each cell drifts 'up' and diffuses a little
  for( int k= NUM_LEDS - 1; k >= 2; k--) {
    heat[k] = (heat[k - 1] + heat[k - 2] + heat[k - 2]) / 3;
  }
   
  // Step 3.  Randomly ignite new 'sparks' near the bottom
  if( random(255) < Sparking ) {
    int y = random(7);
    heat[y] = heat[y] + random(160,255);
    //heat[y] = random(160,255);
  }

  // Step 4.  Convert heat to LED colors
  for( int j = 0; j < NUM_LEDS; j++) {
    setPixelHeatColor(j, heat[j] );
  }

  showStrip();
  delay(SpeedDelay);
}

void setPixelHeatColor (int Pixel, byte temperature) {
  // Scale 'heat' down from 0-255 to 0-191
  byte t192 = round((temperature/255.0)*191);
 
  // calculate ramp up from
  byte heatramp = t192 & 0x3F; // 0..63
  heatramp <<= 2; // scale up to 0..252
 
  // figure out which third of the spectrum we're in:
  if( t192 > 0x80) {                     // hottest
    setPixel(Pixel, 255, 255, heatramp);
  } else if( t192 > 0x40 ) {             // middle
    setPixel(Pixel, 255, heatramp, 0);
  } else {                               // coolest
    setPixel(Pixel, heatramp, 0, 0);
  }
}

void BouncingColoredBalls(int BallCount, byte colors[][3], boolean continuous) {
  float Gravity = -9.81;
  int StartHeight = 1;
 
  float Height[BallCount];
  float ImpactVelocityStart = sqrt( -2 * Gravity * StartHeight );
  float ImpactVelocity[BallCount];
  float TimeSinceLastBounce[BallCount];
  int   Position[BallCount];
  long  ClockTimeSinceLastBounce[BallCount];
  float Dampening[BallCount];
  boolean ballBouncing[BallCount];
  boolean ballsStillBouncing = true;
 
  for (int i = 0 ; i < BallCount ; i++) {  
    ClockTimeSinceLastBounce[i] = millis();
    Height[i] = StartHeight;
    Position[i] = 0;
    ImpactVelocity[i] = ImpactVelocityStart;
    TimeSinceLastBounce[i] = 0;
    Dampening[i] = 0.90 - float(i)/pow(BallCount,2);
    ballBouncing[i]=true;
  }

  while (ballsStillBouncing) {
    for (int i = 0 ; i < BallCount ; i++) {
      TimeSinceLastBounce[i] =  millis() - ClockTimeSinceLastBounce[i];
      Height[i] = 0.5 * Gravity * pow( TimeSinceLastBounce[i]/1000 , 2.0 ) + ImpactVelocity[i] * TimeSinceLastBounce[i]/1000;
 
      if ( Height[i] < 0 ) {                      
        Height[i] = 0;
        ImpactVelocity[i] = Dampening[i] * ImpactVelocity[i];
        ClockTimeSinceLastBounce[i] = millis();
 
        if ( ImpactVelocity[i] < 0.01 ) {
          if (continuous) {
            ImpactVelocity[i] = ImpactVelocityStart;
          } else {
            ballBouncing[i]=false;
          }
        }
      }
      Position[i] = round( Height[i] * (NUM_LEDS - 1) / StartHeight);
    }

    ballsStillBouncing = false; // assume no balls bouncing
    for (int i = 0 ; i < BallCount ; i++) {
      setPixel(Position[i],colors[i][0],colors[i][1],colors[i][2]);
      if ( ballBouncing[i] ) {
        ballsStillBouncing = true;
      }
    }
   
    showStrip();
    setAll(0,0,0);
  }
}

void meteorRain(byte red, byte green, byte blue, byte meteorSize, byte meteorTrailDecay, boolean meteorRandomDecay, int SpeedDelay) {  
  setAll(0,0,0);
 
  for(int i = 0; i < NUM_LEDS+NUM_LEDS; i++) {
   
   
    // fade brightness all LEDs one step
    for(int j=0; j<NUM_LEDS; j++) {
      if( (!meteorRandomDecay) || (random(10)>5) ) {
        fadeToBlack(j, meteorTrailDecay );        
      }
    }
   
    // draw meteor
    for(int j = 0; j < meteorSize; j++) {
      if( ( i-j <NUM_LEDS) && (i-j>=0) ) {
        setPixel(i-j, red, green, blue);
      }
    }
   
    showStrip();
    delay(SpeedDelay);
  }
}

// used by meteorrain
void fadeToBlack(int ledNo, byte fadeValue) {
 #ifdef ADAFRUIT_NEOPIXEL_H
    // NeoPixel
    uint32_t oldColor;
    uint8_t r, g, b;
    int value;
   
    oldColor = strip.getPixelColor(ledNo);
    r = (oldColor & 0x00ff0000UL) >> 16;
    g = (oldColor & 0x0000ff00UL) >> 8;
    b = (oldColor & 0x000000ffUL);

    r=(r<=10)? 0 : (int) r-(r*fadeValue/256);
    g=(g<=10)? 0 : (int) g-(g*fadeValue/256);
    b=(b<=10)? 0 : (int) b-(b*fadeValue/256);
   
    strip.setPixelColor(ledNo, r,g,b);
 #endif
 #ifndef ADAFRUIT_NEOPIXEL_H
   // FastLED
   leds[ledNo].fadeToBlackBy( fadeValue );
 #endif  
}

//  REPLACE TO HERE 



// ***************************************
// ** FastLed/NeoPixel Common Functions **
// ***************************************

// Apply LED color changes
void showStrip() {
 #ifdef ADAFRUIT_NEOPIXEL_H
   // NeoPixel
   strip.show();
 #endif
 #ifndef ADAFRUIT_NEOPIXEL_H
   // FastLED
   FastLED.show();
 #endif
}

// Set a LED color (not yet visible)
void setPixel(int Pixel, byte red, byte green, byte blue) {
 #ifdef ADAFRUIT_NEOPIXEL_H
   // NeoPixel
   strip.setPixelColor(Pixel, strip.Color(red, green, blue));
 #endif
 #ifndef ADAFRUIT_NEOPIXEL_H
   // FastLED
   leds[Pixel].r = red;
   leds[Pixel].g = green;
   leds[Pixel].b = blue;
 #endif
}

// Set all LEDs to a given color and apply it (visible)
void setAll(byte red, byte green, byte blue) {
  for(int i = 0; i < NUM_LEDS; i++ ) {
    setPixel(i, red, green, blue);
  }
  showStrip();
}

ReplyQuote
(@beginnerled)
New Member
Joined: 1 week ago
Posts: 2
 
Posted by: @hans

Hi BeginnerLed,

At first glance I cannot see anything wrong with the sketch

May I ask what Arduino model you're using and what you're seeing when you get to one of the effects?

A potentially reason this may be happening is the so called "bounce" of the switch you're using.
Some switches, due to their mechanical nature, sometimes make the Arduino register a push of the button, as more than one push.

There are several ways to fix this, but this one, found on the official Arduino website, seems the easiest to implement.

In short, you could start with this minor code change:

Add to the beginning of the code (before “void setup()”):

unsigned long lastDebounceTime = 0;  // the last time the output pin was toggled
unsigned long debounceDelay = 50; // the debounce time; increase if the output flickers

 

And change the changeEffect function to this:

void changeEffect() {
  if ((millis() - lastDebounceTime) > debounceDelay) 
  {

    if (digitalRead (BUTTON) == HIGH) {
      selectedEffect++;
      EEPROM.put(0, selectedEffect);
      asm volatile (" jmp 0");
    }
  }
}

The value for lastDebounceTime does not need to be reset, since we reset the Arduino and lastDebounceTime will become zero again.

Note: I have not tested this code.

If this is still not working quite right, then you can change the wiring for the switch as shown in the Debounce article (add a 10 KiloOhm resistor).

@hansThank you for your quick response. So i saw the diagram that you used but i opted to not use a button and just let it automatically cycle thru. When it would get to the snow sparkle it just was white for a second and went to the next function and it would totally skip over the fire function. I see you updated the code but will it still automatically cycle thru ? thank you for all your help too 


ReplyQuote
(@davidl)
New Member
Joined: 7 months ago
Posts: 3
 

Hi @hans

FYI, I don't think that this code that you wrote below will do what you are expecting

void changeEffect() {
  if ((millis() - lastDebounceTime) > debounceDelay) 
  {
    if (digitalRead (BUTTON) == HIGH) {
      selectedEffect++;
      EEPROM.put(0, selectedEffect);
      asm volatile ("  jmp 0");
    }
  }
}

 

As lastDebounceTime is never updated, and is likely always zero, you are basically just testing (millis() > debounceDelay), and given that millis() is a global timer, this will almost always evaluate to true (except for a very short amount of time when it rolls-over).

This simple software based debouncing mechanism in the linked article is basically checking that the button stays in the expected state for at least the "debounce delay" time, thus attempting to ensure a more reliable button press operation. But that mechanism relies on continually checking the button state in the loop() function.

In your code, you are managing button presses via an interrupt, and so this won't work in the same way. As the interrupt routine is only called when the signal has changed, you won't ever be checking this at some delay after the signal changed.

 

PS. As always, keep up the amazing work!


ReplyQuote



(@beginnerled)
New Member
Joined: 1 week ago
Posts: 2
 

I thinking if i re add this function this will make it automatically cycle between cases. But because this function  will some code have to be modifiyed 

  EEPROM.get(0,selectedEffect);
 
  if(selectedEffect>18) {
    selectedEffect=0;
    EEPROM.put(0,0);
  }
#include <EEPROM.h>
  selectedEffect++;
 
  if(selectedEffect>18) { 
    selectedEffect=0;
    delay(5000); // 1 second delay
  } 

ReplyQuote
 Hans
(@hans)
Noble Member Admin
Joined: 8 years ago
Posts: 1758
Topic starter  
Posted by: @beginnerled

Thank you for your quick response. So i saw the diagram that you used but i opted to not use a button and just let it automatically cycle thru. When it would get to the snow sparkle it just was white for a second and went to the next function and it would totally skip over the fire function. I see you updated the code but will it still automatically cycle thru ?

It's been a while that I dug into the code haha.
The thing to keep in mind is that some of the effects were designed to be called multiple times.
The idea being that we go through loop() plenty of times to detect a button push - a leftover from a previous iteration of the LED Effects.
For the original code not that important anymore, as the interrupt would break out of an effect anyway.

Maybe try this for "case 9" (or add the for loop in the SnowSparkle function):

case 9  : {
                // SnowSparkle - Color (red, green, blue), sparkle delay, speed delay
                for(int i=0; i<100; i++) { // 100 being an arbitrary number
                    SnowSparkle(0x10, 0x10, 0x10, 50, random(100,1000));
                }
                break;

 

Posted by: @davidl

FYI, I don't think that this code that you wrote below will do what you are expecting

Whoops, you're totally right! Nice catch!
Even worse: after a reset lastDebounceTime would be zero again, even if it was assigned a value, since the variables are being cleared at reset. 

 


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